Different World Views of Art

Art through the centuries acquired different forms and conceptions. First of all there was naturalism, then developed romanticism, and then there was impressionism, followed by cubism, which was followed by surrealism and finally trends moved on to postmodern art. Here I would like to provide my understanding on various schools of art.

Naturalism proceeded out of mimesis. The aim of art was to mimic nature. A classic example of mimetic art would Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. Mona Lisa lives through the ages for its enigmatic style. Another example would be the Last Supper by Da Vinci. Art became permeated heavily with religious motifs. What has naturalism contributed to the world? An answer would be representation of a mimetic ethos. There is very little to interpret in naturalistic art but we can admire its imitation of nature. I would also like to take Michelangelo’s sculpture of David. What would a postmodern interpretation take? It would perhaps couch it as being gay.

Another style of art that developed during the 18th century was romanticism. What is romanticism? The poet Wordsworth defined romanticism as the spontaneous overflow of feelings. Romanticism captured feelings on to the canvas. The canvas became permeated in rich colors of the baroque. Romantic painting is fanciful and ornamental. When we think of romanticism in the postmodern age we encounter a catharsis with the past. Goya’s exhibit: Saturn devouring his son can be taken as a classic example. The grotesque Saturn is portrayed as an admirable beauty. Romantic painters are endowed with passionate neurosis. Feelings and emotions lie with us to contemplate in ravishment.

Another school of art which developed during the beginning of the 19th century was impressionism. The great masters of impressionism are Van Gogh, Monet, and Gauguin. Impressionism is a unique style of art. Impression is marked by a wide usage of brilliant colors. Strokes were left like scars on the canvas. Impressionism was marked by a tendency of art to become modern. Van Gogh was a brilliant artist who etched out paintings in a style that marked a departure from his predecessors. When we look at Van Gogh’s starry night, we get a passion that is akin to listening of music. Similarly Gauguin’s painting: ‘where do we come from and where do we go’, highlights mythical allegories in brilliant dashes of color.

Another school of art which developed during the beginning of the 20th century was Cubism. Its master exponent was Picasso. With the advent cubism art left its mimetic modes and became the sole creation of the artist. Cubism had a tendency to portray art in abstract terms. Picasso’s La Demoiselles D’ Avignon presented harlots. Their features especially their breasts, hips and asses were made incongruous with oedipal fantasies. Another notable creation of Picasso was the Guernica. Guernica is fantastic rendition of the horrors of bombing Basque, presented in abstract terms. When we look at Guernica we become fascinated to the point of disgust. Cubism highlighted that art can be repulsive.

The next school of art which developed by the middle of the 20th century was Surrealism. My most loved surrealistic artists are Dali and Paul Delvaux. Dali’s most famous painting is the ‘persistence of memory’. Surrealism following Freudian psychoanalysis attempted to portray art with a conglomeration of reality and fantasy. In the painting, persistence of memory, we find melting clocks hanging on trees and covered by an embryo. The tree can be symbolized as a phallic construct. The melting clocks portray time as flowing with the literature of streams of consciousness. The embryo can represent the artist’s oedipal trauma. Delvaux most famous painting is the call of the night. In the ‘call of the night’ a barren land is seen with skulls. There is a nude standing on the open with luscious vegetation growing on her head. There is also a nude whose head is covered standing outside a building with a candle on her head. Delvaux is trying to portray ancient fertility rites in modernistic terms. The painting can also be interpreted as a sexual awakening. Thus surrealism attempted to portray dream with reality.

What It Takes to Be a Certified With ISO

JAS-ANZ International Standards guarantees that products and services are safe, reliable and of good quality. For companies, they are strategic tools that help reduce costs by minimizing waste and errors and increasing productivity. They help companies gain access to new markets, in order to bring about equity, for developing countries and facilitate free and fair world trade.

How does JAS-ANZ develop standards?

JAS-ANZ are developed by the people that need them, through a consensus process. Experts from all over the world develop the standards that are required by their sector. This means they reflect a wealth of international experience and knowledge.

The main benefits of JAS-ANZ standards

JAS-ANZ was founded with the idea of answering the fundamental question: “what’s the best way of doing this?”

IMS (integrated management systems)

An integrated management system (IMS) combines all the components which is linked to different enterprises or business in a system, which helps in facilitating management and operation. Quality, environment and safety management systems are generally combined and administered as IMS. These systems are not separate systems but are later merged together, but are integrated with links to similar processes are managed and executed smoothly, without duplication.

As a part of gaining ISO certification it is important to have a good quality management system that not only meets the standards, but it will also improve business processes.

6 KEY STEPS TO ACHIEVING CERTIFICATION

1. Identify your key drivers

Its recommended that a formal is done at a senior management level, your key drivers for implementing a Quality Management System. Such drivers should include improved awareness of the performance of your key processes and the need for continual improvement, as well as any specific customer requirements.

2. Obtain the standard

Purchase a copy of the standard. Search the web for links to relating to your particular sector. Make sure you know the facts from the myths. An illustration, ISO 9001 is applicable to any organization in any industry, not just the manufacturing sector.

3. Define your strategy

To successfully implementation of a Quality Management System, commitment is required from senior management on defining the strategy. Start to formally document a quality policy and objectives following adequate requirements. Ensure that the requirements of the quality policy are measureable to be able to demonstrate continuous improvements.

4. Planning provides resources for

Developing a quality management system requires resources to be made available and realistic timelines allocated ensuring that responsibilities are shared within the organization and not just allocated to the Quality Manager. As the system is developed, this plan should be reviewed by senior management and kept updated. The responsibility for the Quality Management System and the Quality Management representative should be clearly identified. In addition, you may wish to employ a consultant to help develop the system. Make sure that the consultant knows and understands your business and any advice that covers your business as a whole.

5. Know your processes

IS0 9001 requires you to formally describe the interaction between the processes within the management system. This can be achieved by a simple process map specific to

your organization. The map should identify the key processes and also indicate the resources, controls, documentation and records needed to meet your customers’ requirements. Ensure this process map is validated throughout your business to ensure no areas or interactions are missed. As the system is developed this process map should be used, reviewed and updated for its eventual inclusion in the Quality Manual.

6. Determine training needs

ISO 14001, ISO 18001, ASNZ 4801, ISO 27001 requires proper identification of competence requirements for employees coming within the scope of the Quality Management System. Team leaders, employees and internal auditors will all need to meet the requirements of competence, sometimes requiring external training. A range of courses, workshops and seminars are available to meet these needs. Make sure to define how you will demonstrate the effectiveness of training.

6 Tips To Find A Good Purchasing Agent

Are you looking for a good purchasing agent for your business? If so, you should know that many of the agents may not be qualified. You need to keep in mind that purchasing agents play a great role as far as international trade is concerned. They act like a bridge between buyers and sellers. If you want to choose a good sourcing or purchasing agent, we suggest that you follow the tips given below.

1. Language

The agent you are going to hire should have good command of the language spoken in the target country. This includes both written and spoken English and other languages. You know that language plays a great role in communication between business owners around the globe. Therefore, a good command over the desired language is a quality that your agent should have. If the professional is not well versed in the language that is spoken in that country, how can they be able to talk to the sellers in that country? They won’t be able to communicate and bargain well, which will increase their chance of getting ripped off.

2. Good morality

Your desired agent should know how to behave and protect the interests of foreign buyers in the target country. They should not take you to the scammers in the target country. Aside from this, they should be true to their words. In other words, they should have a high standard of morality. If you know that an agent asks for commission from both the buyer and the seller, you should stay away from them and look for some other agent. A good purchasing agent will never indulge in such acts.

3. Knowledge of import and export

A good sourcing agent should have good relationship with local authorities of the target country. They should be familiar with the policies of that country regarding import and export. Moreover, they should be familiar with the regulations related to import and export, which is very important to avoid lawsuits.

4. Purchasing methods

Your purchasing agent should know how to source or buy different items without killing a lot of time. They should know the best markets where your desired products can be purchased. Aside from this, they should know how they could get the best prices. And if you get a product at the lowest price, you can make the highest profit.

5. Familiarity with the product or industry

The agent should be familiar with the product or service you are interested in. For instance, if you want to buy ductile iron castings, we suggest that you look for an agent who is familiar with these products. There is no doubt that this field has certain terms and they should be familiar with these terms.

6. Knowledge of the international laws

Your sourcing agent should be familiar with international laws and other practices, such as quota issues, anti-dumping issues, tax issues and certification issues, to name a few.